Secondary Principles Of Floral Design

Secondary principles of floral design support the primary principles of floral design. Because they are secondary, they can be absent but that doesn't make them less important.

Please consider them when creating a flower arrangement.

When you study and use them in your creation, you will find that it is in you and you could create even more beautiful flower creations.

Let's look at them closely...

Variation and Contrast

You create variation in your design when you break the similarity in the design. Instead of using just roses, replace one or two with lisianthus.

Instead of using just orange flowers, replace one or two with purple flowers. We also spoke earlier on contrast.

When you create variation, at the same time, you also create contrast.

Scale and Transition

Scale is the size of the arrangement, including the positive and negative space in the arrangement. Why don't we call it size then?

Because scale relates to the space where the arrangement is placed. Transition, is simply put, gradation. How the material relates to the next.

Whether the color gets lighter or darker, the size of the flower gets bigger or smaller and so on.


Tension in floral design has the 'surprise' element. It is something we don't expect to happen in an arrangement.

When something unexpectedly happens, it creates tension.


Repetition is an arrangement, can be in the form of line, form, space, color, texture, size or pattern.

If you can see a certain color being repeated by different type of flower or vertical lines being repeated by different type of flowers, the element of repetition is present in the arrangement.


Opposition simple means contrast. Something that are opposite of each other. This way, your design will create a higher interest.

The presence of two opposing lines, or combination of colors that are opposite of each other in the color wheel adds to the design.

Depth and Emphasis

Depth is created by placing flowers or materials at different levels in an arrangement. By doing this, you give dimension to the arrangement.

When you create depth in an arrangement, it adds more emphasis to the arrangement.

Focal Area

A focal area is an area in an arrangement where the attention is. It is from there, other interesting design comes out.

In the focal area, you can not only use a single material but multiple materials or flowers to create that visual weight.

These are the secondary principles of floral design.

You can also find out about...

Custom Search

Return From Secondary Principles Of Floral Design To Basic Flower Arranging