The Ten Basic Arrangement Forms

There are 10 basic arrangement forms in floral designing. And for each arrangement form, the use of focal flowers, line flowers and filler flowers is a must.

The difference between the ten is of course, the shape of the design. Line flowers are used to determine the shape of the arrangement when starting to make one. Followed by focal flowers and lastly, filling up spaces with filler flowers.

Click here to know more about line, focal and filler flowers.

Now, let's get up close and personal with each basic arrangement form.


A pyramid is an arrangement which we seldom see but it actually exists. The base is triangle and is very tall.

It can be used as a table centerpiece.


As the name suggests, a dome arrangement is round. The container used for this type of arrangement is best medium in height.

The dome arrangement is an all-round arrangement with the same distribution of flowers all around.

Unlike the classic dome arrangement, the dome interpretive arrangement looks more stylish. It is not exactly round and there are less flowers but more lines and space. This arrangement has more design element and is one of my favourites.

Here is an example of a dome interpretive arrangement.


A curve arrangement is quite difficult to make because it is assymmetrical. The proportion must be balanced from whichever angle you look at.

The weight must be balanced too so that the arrangement is stable.

The opposite of a crescent arrangement, is the crescent inverted arrangement. Find out what it is all about here.


A horizontal arrangement is a low arrangement but the length is usually 2 times the height. A classic horizontal arrangement is symmetrical, which means the length on both sides is the same. Moreover, the placement of flowers is mirrored to the other side.

An assymmetrical horizontal arrangement is what we call a horizontal interpretive arrangement. It has more design and character, because the flowers have their own individuality.

And because it is assymmetrical, the length on both sides may not be same. Let me give you an example of a horizontal interpretive.

Inverted T

Inverted-T arrangement is in the shape of the letter T, but upside down. It looks like a triangular arrangement but slightly different.

A classic inverted T arrangement would be something which has the same type of flowers on all 3 sides. Whereas an inverted T interpretive is an assymmetrical arrangement. The length on one side may be different with the other.

L shape

As you can guess from the name, an L shaped arrangement has the letter L shape. Although it is not symmetrical, you must know how to position your flowers so that it looks well balanced.

To create an L shape interpretive arrangement, take a look at my example of an L shape interpretive arrangement.


The fan arrangement is shaped into a fan. In order to build the fan, you must use flowers with long and strong stems like the gladiolus, ester and others.

The fan interpretive is where you get creative at the focal area. You can create any design there, like a Hogarth's Curve, but still maintain the fan shape.


To make a triangular shaped arrangement, position the line flowers to form a triangle. The height of the arrangement should be more than the width.


An oval arrangement is what I usually do on a funeral stand. But please do not restrict yourself to only making oval arrangements on a funeral stand, you can also decorate your living room with it.

It is not a 360 degrees arrangement.


The vertical arrangement is a tall arrangement with small width. It can be a classic vertical arrangement or an interpretive vertical arrangement.

Other Flower Arrangement Designs

Flower arranging have developed over the years and throughout those years, many flower arrangement design styles have been identified, apart from the basic arrangement forms above.

These designs are influenced by culture and nature.

Here, I'm introducing you to several design styles that florists have used and are using in their work.

Formal Linear
An arrangement which is a mixture of Eastern linearity and European mass. Linearity is the lines in the arrangement and they create movement. Mass gives weight and depth.

A parallel arrangement is an arrangement which emphasizes on parallel lines. These lines are created form the materials itself. To emphasize on the parallelity, curved lines need to be introduced into the arrangement.

Linear Rectangular
A linear rectangular arrangement is about controlling the display of lines within a defined space. In this example, I created beautiful cross lines using flowers in a rectangular shaped space.

Vegetative Arrangement
A vegetative arrangement is a replication of nature. Flowers and foliage are arranged as they were naturally grown. Here's how I brought a piece of my garden into my home.

Vertical Linear Arrangement
A vertical linear arrangement emphasizes on lines. Less flowers are used to show the lines. Here's my example of a vertical linear arrangement.

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